In fighting that began on March 24, the Confederate position at Petersburg crumbled. On April 2, Grant launched a decisive attack that sent Lee’s army fleeing to the west. The next day, Lincoln (who had been visiting the Army of the Potomac) entered the fallen Confederate capital.
When the news reached Wall Street, the rector of the Trinity Church began to ring the bell, over and over, joining a symphony of church bells that chimed all over New York. Crowds crowded the pavement. “All the cheers I ever listened to were tame in comparison,” Strong wrote. The massed men—for they were all men on Wall Street— sang “John Brown’s Body” and “The Star-Spangled Banner,” and waved their hats in ecstasy now that the long nightmare had ended, and ended in victory. “I walked about on the outskirts of the crowd,” Strong added, “shaking hands with everybody, congratulating and being congratulated by scores of men I hardly know even by sight. Men embraced and hugged each other, kissed each other, retreated into doorways to dry their eyes and came out again to flourish their hats and hurrah. There will be many sore throats in New York tomorrow.”
(via Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award winner The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt, pp. 409-410 by T. J. Stiles)
The term adrenaline is derived from the Latin roots ad- and renes and literally means on the kidney, in reference to the adrenal gland’s anatomic location on the kidney. The Greek roots epi- and nephros have similar meanings, and give rise to epinephrine.